Download A Budget of Paradoxes [Vol I] by Augustus De Morgan; Sophia Elizabeth De Morgan; David Eugene PDF

By Augustus De Morgan; Sophia Elizabeth De Morgan; David Eugene Smith

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Additional info for A Budget of Paradoxes [Vol I]

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Since speculative materialism deals only with the necessary conditions 'that belong . . to a contingency delivered of all constraints other than that (or those) of its own eternity' , i t does n o t concern itself with existing things, which are b y necessity contingent (IRR, 1 2) . Thus, as Meillassoux clarifies, the arche-fossil was employed in After Finitude 'only so as to problematize the contemporary self-evidence of correlationism', by way of arguing that the problem of ancestrality appears insoluble for as long as one stays within the correla­ tional circle (IRR, 1 2) It is the fact that the arche-fossil indexes a lacuna of manifestation rather than in manifestation - not a spatio-temporally distant event or being, but specifically one that is prior to any correlation - that allows Meillassoux to expose correlationism's embarrassment, which comes in the face of contemporary science's apparent capacity to think nature independently from any phenomenological experience of it, or even 'a world wherein spatio-temporal givenness itself came into being within a time and a space which preceded eve1y variety of givenness' (AF, 22) .

For the latter thinker secondary qualities are those which exist both in relation to my own conscious perception and the object itself. For example, if you were to place your hand over a candle flame, the heat you would feel is something registered in your own consciousness. The flame itself does not feel the heat. Yet, your own feelings of heat are not hallucinations because they are prompted by proximity to the flame. This means that while secondary qualities exist in relation to you, they do not exist solely in your mind, but also bear some relation to the object.

It must be a 'first demonstration', i . e . , 'demonstrated without being deduced from another statement'; only then can it be 'the anhypothetical princi­ ple demanded since Plato as the first principle of philosophy' (DI2, 54, his emphasis) . For Meillassoux, the principle of factiality does more than fit the description of 'a fundamental proposition that [cannot] be deduced from any other, but which [can] be proved' indirectly, 'by demonstrating that anyone who contests it can do so only by presupposing it to be true, thereby refuting him or herself' (AF, 60- 1 ); it is in fact a stronger candidate for first principle than Aristotle's.

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