By Joseph H. Woodward II, James R. Bennett
The traditional resource on all of the furnaces that made Alabama across the world major within the iron and metal industry.This paintings is the 1st and is still the single resource of data on all blast furnaces outfitted and operated in Alabama, from the 1st identified charcoal furnace of 1815 (Cedar Creek Furnace in Franklin County) to the coke-fired giants equipped ahead of the onset of the good melancholy. Woodward surveys the iron from the early, small neighborhood industry furnaces during the upward push of the iron in help of the accomplice battle attempt, to the enormous across the world very important that constructed within the Eighteen Nineties. the majority of the ebook involves person illustrated histories of all blast furnaces ever built and operated within the country? furnaces that went into construction and 4 that have been equipped yet by no means went into blast. Written to supply a list of each blast furnace in-built Alabama from 1815 to 1940, this booklet was once greatly acclaimed and this day is still essentially the most quoted references at the iron and metal undefined.
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Additional info for Alabama Blast Furnaces (Library Alabama Classics)
The ore, both red and brown hematite, was located on a ridge 1/4 mile west of the furnace and brought to the stock house in trams. In 1891 the Fort Payne Furnace failed because the coal did not coke well and the ores were very inferior. Since the Bay State furnace planned to use the same raw materials, it was clear that this venture was also impractical and work on the Bay State stack was accordingly suspended. The partially completed Bay State furnace was bought by the Bessemer Land & Improvement Co.
Two modern furnaces were started. The Reconstruction Era was over and the Alabama "Iron Boom" was under way. THE MODERN ERA 1880 - 1940 the first two coke furnaces in Alabama went into blast. BuildI Ning1880of these plants and their successful operation may be considered the beginning of modern pig iron manufacture in Alabama, which up to that time had been merely a minor charcoal iron producing state. Opening near Birmingham of two immense coal fields in close proximity to vast ore bodies made these furnaces possible assuring an abundant and dependable coal supply.
4) were the same size as Bessemer furnaces Nos. , 75'x17'. 5. This furnace was the smallest of the five stacks, being 60', high and 12/ in the bosh, and was originally designed to use either coke or charcoal; the latter fuel, however, was never used. Most of the ore used by the Bessemer furnaces was red hematite frol? a mine below Jonesboro on Red Mountain; some, however was from Trussville, north of Birmingham. All this raw material was hauled to Bessemer via the L & N RR. 2) 275 beehive ovens were also built.