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First released in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for An Autosegmental Analysis of Venda Tonology
Nnga. The ability of our proposed analysis to account The Tonology of the Simple Noun 54 in a simple and elegant way for the occurrence of downstep in the above two examples (without invoking any new rules designed Just for these words) both lends support to that analysis and also lends support to the proposal that (in some cases at least) downstep is best represented in terms of an unassociated Low occurring in the tonal tier at the point where downstep occurs. The rule of Contour Simplification was motivated quite independently of the phenomenon of downstep (being required to explain why pre-penult vowels that would be expected to have a Falling tone have instead a level High tone), but can adequately explain these examples of downstep as well.
The rule of Contour Simplification was motivated quite independently of the phenomenon of downstep (being required to explain why pre-penult vowels that would be expected to have a Falling tone have instead a level High tone), but can adequately explain these examples of downstep as well. We have now constructed an analysis of Venda tonology which will account for both the post-Low and post-High pronunciations of monosyllabic, disyllabic, and tri-syllabic noun stems when they are preceded by a prefix.
Concerning these instances of non-mechanical tone-stepping, Westphal writes: "these other cases have not yet been sufficiently investigated and it still remains to be seen whether they are not in fact variations of the mechanical step" (p. 56). In the general literature on tone, such cases of non-mechanical tone-stepping are usually labelled as downstep. Downstep refers, then, to a situation where one or more elements that can, on independent grounds, be identified as High-toned are pronounced at a somewhat lower pitch level than an immediately preceding High-toned element.