By André Leblanc (auth.)
Read or Download Anatomy and Imaging of the Cranial Nerves: A Neuroanatomic Method of Investigation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) PDF
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Extra resources for Anatomy and Imaging of the Cranial Nerves: A Neuroanatomic Method of Investigation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT)
Axial view (CT, MRI) .......................... Frontal view (interpeduncular cisternography) ..... Course, sulcus of oculomotor nerve, cavernous sinus, superior orbital fissure Anatomy and imaging (examination) ............. Dorsum sellae (CT) ..... . . . . . . . . . . . .. Sulcus of oculomotor nerve, superior orbital fissure Anatomy and radiography ........ . . . . . . Extrinsic ocular movements Anatomy and imaging ......................... Frontal and sagittal views (CT) .
Intrinsic ocular movements Anatomy and diagram ......................... 35 35 35 38 39 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 The oculomotor nerve is a motor nerve. It supplies the levator palpebrae superioris muscle and most of the oculomotor muscles except the lateral rectus (VI) and superior oblique (IV); also, via its parasympathetic fibers, the annular part of the ciliary muscle and the pupillary sphincter muscle. Paralysis may severely affect eye movements, involving both extrinsic and intrinsic ocular motility.
13 a, b), where the nerve fibers are relayed. The optic radiations arise in the lateral geniculate body (Fig. 12a) and travel towards the occipital lobe where they divide into two groups of fibers: CLINIQUE - an anterior bundle which courses round the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle to terminate in the lower lip of the calcarine sulcus (Fig. 13a), - a posterior bundle which courses round the posterior horn of the lateral ventricle to terminate in the upper lip of the calcarine sulcus. Thus, the cortical visual center is formed by the two lips of the calcarine sulcus at the medial aspect of the occipital lobe.