By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei
This publication makes a speciality of China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to develop into registered urban citizens in city parts continues to be stagnant regardless of its significance to the chinese language executive and the lifestyles of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or maybe no expenditures, and so much farmers, whose households have trusted the land to make a dwelling for generations, don't make the most of raises in land worth. Breaking down the tested distributive procedure of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislation enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday throughout the present development of pursuits and appreciate the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.
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Extra resources for Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013
Rural migrant workers were born and grew up in the countryside and have formed lifestyles and values unique to farmers. As a result of such a 24 J. Pan long-standing, profound cultural influence, farmers are typically unable to adapt to urban life after they move into cities. On the side of the sense of belonging to the host city, most rural migrant workers have no sense of belonging to the group of urban residents. Cultural and behavioral differences, financial gaps and some urban residents’ prejudice against them are among the major reasons for the lack of the sense of belonging to the host city.
Monthly average wage/salary 9. P ercentage of migrant workers who bought an apartment or rent one alone 10. Monthly average consumer spending per capita 11. 63 %) 12. Percentage of migrant workers at the level of 3-year college or higher 13. 56 % of rural migrant workers ( ∑ p ji × w i ) 1 Source: This table is based on data from the China Statistics Yearbook 2012 and the China Population & Employment Statistics Yearbook 2012 Notes: (1) a denotes a lack of data; (2) b denotes 2010 data; (3) the standard values are the means of relevant indicators of urban residents in 2011: the standard value for the percentage of migrant workers who have urban social insurance is the percentage of the number of people covered by social insurances in the urban population; the standard values for monthly average wage and monthly average consumer spending per capita are the average wage/salary of employed urban residents and the average consumer spending per capita in cash respectively; the standard values for the percentage of migrant workers at the level of senior high school/2-year technical school or higher and that of migrant workers at the level of 3-year college or higher are the percentage of employed urban residents at the level of senior high school/2-year technical school or higher and that of employed urban residents at the level of 3-year college or higher respectively.
For ultra- large cities each with a total population of at least four million people, such as Beijing and Shanghai, it is advisable to control the total population by setting entry criteria for migrants and industries while decentralizing population, industries and functions, thereby increasing the capacity to achieve sustainable development. For small- and medium-sized cities and small towns, the focus should be on improving public services, guiding people and industry clustering, and strengthening supporting industries so as to significantly increase the capacity of receiving rural migrant workers.