Download Artificial Intelligence in Design ’92 by K. J. MacCallum, B. Yu, A. Frederiksen, D. McGregor (auth.), PDF

By K. J. MacCallum, B. Yu, A. Frederiksen, D. McGregor (auth.), J. S. Gero, Fay Sudweeks (eds.)

Design has now turn into a big examine subject in engineering and structure. layout is without doubt one of the keystones to financial competitiveness and the basic precursor to production. the advance of computational versions based at the man made intelligence paradigm has supplied an impetus for present layout examine.
This quantity includes contributions from the second one overseas convention on man made Intelligence in layout held in June 1992 in Pittsburgh. They symbolize the cutting-edge and the innovative of study and improvement during this box. they're of specific curiosity to researchers, builders and clients of desktops in layout. This quantity demonstrates either the breadth and intensity of man-made intelligence in layout and issues the future of our figuring out of layout as a method and for the advance of computer-based instruments to aiddesigners.

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1 AUTOMATIC PROGRAMMING The Programmer's Apprentice (PA) (Rich and Waters, 1988), an assistant to a software engineer, facilitates program development using reusable components in all phases of the software-development process. These components, called cliches, represent commonly used combinations of programming elements. The PA, which contains cliches that represent familiar specification, design, and implementation constructs, develops software by using inspection methods. During inspection, the PA helps the user to recognize cliches in the specifications and to choose among the lower-level cliches that implement the specification.

Formula Fig. 1. The thirteen knowledge types The KL of a particular design system contains a set of constructs that are defined in terms of the thirteen knowledge types. Each construct consists of one or more knowledge types, which are combined to represent a class of domain concepts. Instances of the constructs represent specific concepts, and links DOMAIN-INDEPENDENT DESIGN SYSTEM 25 between them express their interrelationships. For example, MI contains a construct called templates. Templates, which consist of constraints, requiredcomponent knowledge, and a set of connections, represent a legal way of connecting a set of components.

Configuration-design systems. A mechanism takes one or more types of knowledge as inputs, and produces some result that can be described in terms of these knowledge types. Since a mechanism described in this manner can be applied to any configuration task where the requisite knowledge types are available, these mechanisms are highly reusable. In addition, this approach ensures that mechanisms have standardized inputs and outputs that can be readily combined, defines the types of tasks that mechanisms should perform, and establishes the grain size of mechanisms.

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