By Walter Hendelman M.D.
Featuring a transparent visible consultant to figuring out the human imperative apprehensive process, this moment variation comprises various four-color illustrations, photos, diagrams, radiographs, and histological fabric through the textual content. prepared and straightforward to persist with, the e-book provides an outline of the CNS, sensory, and motor platforms and the limbic approach, with new and revised fabric. It additionally gains an up-to-date, interactive CD-ROM with complete textual content, colour illustrations, 3-D visualization, roll-over labeling, and flash animations. Containing a thesaurus of phrases, this can be a necessary reference device for scientific and allied well-being pros learning neuroanatomy, neuroscience, and neurology
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Additional info for Atlas of Functional Neuroanatomy, Second Edition
Gracilis n. Cervical spinal cord 4 = Floor of 4th ventricle FIGURE 10: Brainstem 7 — Dorsal View — Cerebellum Removed 36 FIGURE 11 THE DIENCEPHALON: THALAMUS 1 THALAMUS: ORIENTATION The diencephalon, which translates as “between brain,” is the next region of the brain to consider. The diencephalon, including both thalamus and hypothalamus and some other subparts, is situated between the brainstem and the cerebral hemispheres, deep within the brain. As shown diagrammatically (see Figure 6) and photographically (see Figure 7 and Figure 9A), the diencephalon sits “atop” the brainstem.
The superior nucleus supplies secretomotor fibers for cranial nerve VII (to the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands, as well as nasal and lacrimal glands). The inferior nucleus supplies the same fibers for cranial nerve IX (to the parotid salivary gland). Orientation 27 Oculomotor n. (CN III) Trochlear n. (CN IV) Edinger-Westphal n. (CN III) Motor n. of CN V Abducens n. (CN VI) Facial n. (CN VII) Superior (CN VII) & Inferior (CN IX) salivatory n. Dorsal motor n. (CN IX & X) Ambiguus n.
Information concerning the function of the cranial nerves will be discussed with Figure 8A and Figure 8B. The nuclei of the brainstem, including the cranial nerve nuclei, will be studied in cross-sections of the brainstem in Section C of this atlas (see Figure 64–Figure 67). ADDITIONAL DETAIL Structures labeled, such as the flocculus of the cerebellum, the pituitary stalk, and the mammillary bodies (nuclei), will be considered at the appropriate time. Orientation 23 Optic nerve (CN II) Thalamus Pituitary stalk M CP Midbrain Oculomotor nerve (CN III) Trochlear nerve (CN IV) CP Trigeminal nerve (CN V) Abducens nerve (CN VI) Pons Facial nerve (CN VII) Vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII) Po FI Cerebellum FI O Py Py O Medulla Glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX) Vagus nerve (CN X) Hypoglossal nerve (CN XII) Spinal cord Spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) M = Mammillary bodies CP = Cerebral peduncle Po = Pons Py = Pyramid O = Olive FI = Flocculus FIGURE 6: Brainstem 1 — Ventral View with Cranial Nerves 24 Atlas of Functional Neutoanatomy FIGURE 7 BRAINSTEM 2 BRAINSTEM AND DIENCEPHALON: VENTRAL (PHOTOGRAPHIC) VIEW This specimen has been obtained by isolating the brainstem (and cerebellum) along with the diencephalon from the remainder of the brain.