By Predrag Cicovacki
In among fact and phantasm, Predrag Cicovacki conscientiously analyzes Kant's contribution to discussions of individual and reveals that he was once deeply fascinated with the systematic improvement of the fashionable anthropocentric orientation towards liberation and dominance of the topic. at the different fingers, modernity's excessive perfect of common clinical and ethical development became out to be illusory and ill-conceived.
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Finns godhet? Finns ondska? Finns det i så fall onda och goda människor eller enbart onda och goda handlingar?
Ann Heberlein undersöker och ifrågasätter våra föreställningar om ondskan. Hur ska guy kunna förstå personer som Anders Eklund, Marc Dutroux och Josef Fritzl som fullt medvetande begått avskyvärda handlingar mot barn? Hur ska guy se på barnen som själva blir förövare: Harris och Klebold från Columbine excessive eller Mary Bell? Hur var den institutionaliserade ondskan vi mötte i Abu Ghraib, det forna Jugoslavien eller Förintelsen överhuvudtaget möjlig?
Och vad är det med männen egentligen? Varför begås de flesta onda handlingar av män?
Många frågor. males Ann Heberlein hjälper oss också att formulera några av svaren. Hon menar att ondskan inte alls är obegriplig. Den är inte heller ett eget väsen. Snarare har den sitt ursprung i ojämlikhet och utsatthet och den hämtar näring ur människors rädsla och maktlöshet.
Det enda obegripliga är vår ovilja att göra mer för att stoppa den.
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Extra info for Between Truth and Illusion: Kant at the Crossroads of Modernity
Thus, we are not arrested in the immediate environment but-by means of judging-live in an all-encompassing world. l 5 In commonsense cognitive experience we deal with the world insofar as it appears to us. Since we want to identify and determine what is the case, that which appears provides indispensable material for our cognition. "17 That an appearance is an undetermined object means that what is given in perceptual encounters is not a ready-made object which we then simply register and cognize.
You either were or were not at home at the particular time; our chess game either ended in your victory, or in my victory, or it was a draw; we either had a conversation or we did not. Nevertheless, there are as many cases that are not so straightforward and decisive. Not only our scientific and philosophical practice, but even our commonsense experience suggests that there are alternative, yet equally correct, descriptions of reality. Consider the following examples. You and I may disagree with respect to whether your house is spacious and comfortable and yet both be correct.
Fortunately, commonsense experience shows that a complete description is never really needed. On the one hand, the contextual parameters determine what must be described, what information is required for making an appropriate and understandable truth claim. s Describing our chess game to an experienced player and describing it to someone who does not even know the rules of the game would involve quite different elements of the situation, as well as significantly dissimilar language. On the other hand, even our ordinary language includes talk about 'approximate' truths, 'partial' truths, and so on.