By Ann Senisi Scott, Elizabeth Fong
Physique buildings and serve as, 12E introduces you to the fundamentals required for the learn of the human physique and the way it capabilities in a transparent and concise demeanour. This e-book takes you from a basic advent to existence features, the terminology used to explain physique elements and their destinations, to an total assessment of human improvement and physique procedures. illnesses and problems are built-in inside each one physique method bankruptcy to hyperlink body structure with anatomy. Highlights and lines that emphasize scientific purposes make studying enjoyable and interesting.
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Step 3: Have test strip ready. Step 4: Spit on a spoon. Step 5: Dip the test strip into your saliva. Step 6: Immediately compare the color on the test strip with the color-coded chart. Step 7: Record your findings. Step 8: Wash the spoon and return materials. ■ © Cengage Learning 2014 Step 1: Recall what you had for breakfast or lunch. If the student has not had breakfast or lunch, the instructor may give each student a snack and wait until the end of the class session to do the experiment. Chapter 3 CELLS Objectives ■ Identify the structure of a typical cell ■ Define the function of each component of a typical cell ■ Relate the function of cells to the function of the body ■ Describe the processes that transport materials in and out of a cell ■ Describe a tumor and define cancer ■ Define the key words that relate to this chapter Key Words active transport adenosine triphosphate (ATP) anaphase anoxia apoptosis atrophy benign biomarkers cancer cell membrane centrioles centrosome chromatid chromatin chromosome cilia cytoplasm cytoskeleton diffusion dysplasia endoplasmic reticulum equilibrium filtration flagella Golgi apparatus hyperplasia hypertonic solution hypertrophy hypotonic solution hypoxia interphase isotonic solution lysosome meiosis metaphase metastasis mitochondria mitosis necrosis neoplasia neoplasm nuclear membrane nucleolus nucleoplasm nucleus organelle osmosis osmotic pressure passive transport peroxisome phagocytosis pinocytic vesicle pinocytosis prophase protein synthesis protoplasm ribosome solutes telophase tumor vacuole wart (papilloma) 29 30 The body of a plant or animal seems to be a single entity, but when any portion is examined under a microscope it is found to be made up of many small, discrete parts.
Phospholipids contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus. This type of lipid may be found in the cell membranes, the brain, and nervous tissue. Steroids are lipids that contain cholesterol (kohLES-ter-ol). Cholesterol is essential in the structure of the semipermeable membrane of the cell. It is necessary in the manufacture of vitamin D and in the production of male and female hormones. Cholesterol is needed to make the adrenal hormone cortisol. In certain people, however, cholesterol can accumulate in the arteries, becoming a problem.
Ion Matching Match each term in Column I with its correct description in Column II. Column I Column II ________ 1. glucose a. fluid within the cell ________ 2. electrolyte b. double sugar ________ 3. intracellular c. triglycerides ________ 4. disaccharides d. chromosomes ________ 5. HCl e. conducts an electrical charge in a solution ________ 6. steroid f. blood sugar ________ 7. energy g. positively or negatively charged particle of an atom ________ 8. ion h. ability to do work ________ 9. DNA i.