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By V. Cantarella

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That middle portion lies beneath the other two portions, with the upper one on top. Cantarella Bones and Muscles: An Illustrated Anatomy Arm and Hand Illustration 40 THE LATISSIMUS DORSI MUSCLE This muscle has a wide range of actions. It assists in arm rotation and it pulls the arm backward and inward from an outward position. It also pulls the body up in climbing. It plays a part in breathing as well, it aids in that last puff of expiration just when you think you’ve finished breathing out. It is also active when playing a wind instrument.

This muscle, too, is in three parts. The posterior part arises on the transverse processes of the top two or three cervical vertebrae and courses downward to insert on the top middle edge of the second rib. The medial part, the largest of the three sections, arises on the transverse processes of all the cervical vertebrae except the atlas and descends to attach on the top surface of the first rib. The anterior part arises from the transverse processes of the third through sixth cervical vertebrae and inserts on the top of the first rib, just in front of the medial portion’s insertion.

Note the xiphoid process at the bottom of the stermun. Humerus Sternum Glenoid Cavity Deltoid Tuberosity Xiphoid Process Rib Cage Lateral Epicondyle Capitulum A condyle is a rounded end of a bone that fits into a concavity in the adjoining bone so that a joint is formed and the bone can rotate within that joint. Cantarella Bones and Muscles: An Illustrated Anatomy • • • Condyle comes from the Greek kondylos and Latin condylus meaning knuckle or joint. The epi in epicondyle is from the Greek epi- a prefix meaning above or beside.

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