Download Is Science Western in Origin? by C. K. Raju PDF

By C. K. Raju

On inventory Western historical past, technology originated one of the Greeks, after which constructed in post-renaissance Europe. This tale was once fabricated in 3 stages.

First, in the course of the Crusades, clinical wisdom from the world over, in captured Arabic books, was once given a theologically-correct beginning by way of claiming it used to be all transmitted from the Greeks. the major situations of Euclid (geometry) and Claudius Ptolemy (astronomy)—both concocted figures—are used to demonstrate this technique.

Second, in the course of the Inquisition, international clinical wisdom was once back assigned a theologically-correct beginning by means of claiming it used to be now not transmitted from others, yet used to be “independently rediscovered” via Europeans. The circumstances of Copernicus and Newton (calculus) illustrate this technique of “revolution via rediscovery”.

Third, the appropriated wisdom used to be reinterpreted and aligned to post-Crusade theology. Colonial and racist historians exploited this, arguing that the (theologically) “correct” model of medical wisdom (geometry, calculus, etc.) existed merely in Europe.

These strategies of appropriation proceed to at the present time.

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Download The Life of Louis Armstrong. King of Jazz by Wendie C. Old PDF

By Wendie C. Old

"Music has been in my blood from the day i used to be born," stated Louis Armstrong. writer Wendie C. previous weaves a wealthy, colourful tapestry of the lifetime of this cherished and great musician identified to his lovers as Satchmo. Louis Armstrong rose from poverty and a formative years to set the track international on hearth together with his energetic trumpet enjoying and trademark raspy making a song voice. With a usual expertise for showmanship, Armstrong gained repute whereas traveling around the globe, and proved to be essentially the most amazing performers of the Jazz Age and past. This booklet is built from LOUIS ARMSTRONG: KING OF JAZZ to permit republication of the unique textual content into booklet, paperback, and alternate variations.

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Download Yangtze River Gunboats 1900-49 by Angus Konstam PDF

By Angus Konstam

From the tip of the nineteenth century throughout the first half the 20 th, so much Western powers maintained a naval presence in China. those gunboats safe investors and missionaries, safeguarded nationwide pursuits, and patrolled chinese language rivers looking for pirates. It was once a wild, lawless time in China as ruthless warlords fought various small wars to extend their strength and influence.
This e-book covers the gunboats of the entire significant countries that stationed naval forces in China, together with the USA, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Japan, and appears at such recognized incidents because the eastern bombing of the USS Patay and the dramatic break out of the HMS Amethyst from Communist forces in 1947, which marked the top of the gunboat period.

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Download Football Shorts by Tom Watt PDF

By Tom Watt

Billy's telling tall tales approximately his "famous" grandfather, Raphael suspects his trainer of homicide, Tom and Jerry shock a expertise scout and Katy will get picked to play for England. it is all occurring at Shelby city! a set of brief tales and poems approximately soccer, via an attractive line-up of kid's authors, soccer writers and avid gamers.

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Download Norman Stone Castles (2): Europe 950-1204 (Fortress) by Christopher Gravett PDF

By Christopher Gravett

Following the construction of the Duchy of Normandy, the Normans have been quickly brought to the citadel they usually outfitted them in huge numbers. within the mid-11th century, different Norman adventurers started carving out dominions for themselves in Southern Italy: a few crossed to Sicily in 1061 and by way of 1091 had conquered the complete island. As in Normandy, they have been willing to assimilate new principles, together with architectural kinds, leading to a few impressive structures. This identify, a spouse to citadel thirteen: Norman Stone Castles (1) The British Isles 1066-1216, offers an in depth advisor to the castles in-built Normandy, Southern Italy and Sicily, protecting protective rules, everyday life, the occasions of siege struggle, and the destiny of the castles.

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