Download An Outline of Kikaonde Grammar by J. L. Wright PDF

By J. L. Wright

This is often the fourth in a chain of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The purpose of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which turned fairly in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian executive to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guide. Kaonde (or extra appropriately Kikaonde) is spoken within the a part of the North-Western Province of Zambia to the east of the Kabompo River, in adjoining elements of Mumbwa and Kaoma Districts to the south, and within the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo to the North.

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Download Introduction to Syriac: An Elementary Grammar With Readings by Wheeler M. Thackston PDF

By Wheeler M. Thackston

Language Reference. Middle-Eastern stories. Syriac is the Aramaic dialect of Edessa, a big heart of early Christianity in Mesopotamia. this present day it's the classical tongue of the Nestorians and Chaldeans of Iran and Iraq and the liturgical language of the Jacobites of jap Anatolia and the Maronites of larger Syria. Syriac literature flourished from the 3rd century on and boasts of writers like Ephraem Syrus, Aphraates, Jacob of Sarug, John of Ephesus, Jacob of Edessa, and Barhebraeus. during this textual content the language is gifted either in Syriac script, because it will continuously be visible, and in transcription, that's given in order that the pronunciation of person phrases and the constitution of the language as an entire can be represented as basically as attainable. nearly all of the sentences within the exercises-and the entire readings within the later lessons-are taken without delay from the Peshitta, the traditional Syriac translation of the Bible. for lots of of these whose curiosity in Syriac stems from religious study or from the background of japanese Christianity, Syriac might be their first Semitic language. each attempt has been made within the presentation of the grammar to maintain the Semitic constitution of the language within the vanguard and as transparent as attainable in the event you haven't any earlier event with languages of that relatives. Wheeler M. Thackston is Professor of Persian and different close to East Languages at Harvard college, the place he has taught Persian and Arabic for over 20 years.

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Download Recovering the U.S. Hispanic Linguistic Heritage: by Alejandra Balestra, Glenn Martinez, Irene Moyna PDF

By Alejandra Balestra, Glenn Martinez, Irene Moyna

Opposite to renowned trust, the 1st ecu language spoken on American soil was once no longer English, yet Spanish. Explorer Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and his shipmates landed at the Florida coast in 1513, nearly a hundred years sooner than the British confirmed an enduring cost in Virginia.

In this attention-grabbing exploration of the improvement of the Spanish language from a sociohistorical standpoint within the territory that has turn into the USA, linguists and editors Balestra, Martinez, and Moyna draw recognition to the lengthy culture of multilingualism within the usa within the desire of placing to leisure the parable that the U.S. was once ever a monolingual state.

The booklet is split into components: an intensive advent and a set of 7 articles approximately a number of points of the sociohistorical improvement of Spanish. The in-depth advent provides the reader a historic review of the parts of the U.S. formerly occupied by means of Spain and Mexico, from the coming of the earliest settlers to the Mexican-American struggle and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The advent additionally stories language guidelines in the course of the colonial and Mexican sessions in addition to present linguistic ways, census facts, and sociolinguistic examine. as well as laying off mild at the linguistic evolution of Spanish within the united states, the seven papers integrated within the moment element of this quantity supply the reader a desirable glimpse into old ideologies and ideology within the territory that has develop into the USA.

A really multidisciplinary booklet that touches on a couple of similar fields, Recovering the U.S. Hispanic Linguistic Heritage may be a must-read for students of historical past, sociology, and linguistics and someone attracted to the evolution of the Spanish impact and language within the usa.

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Download The Grammar of Repetition: Nupe grammar at the by Jason Kandybowicz PDF

By Jason Kandybowicz

Displacement is a primary estate of grammar. normally, whilst an prevalence strikes it really is stated in just one atmosphere. This used to be formerly seen as a primitive/irreducible estate of grammar. fresh paintings, besides the fact that, means that it follows from principled interactions among the syntactic and phonological parts of grammar. As such, the phonetic personality of flow chains could be visible as either a mirrored image of and probe into the syntax-phonology interface. This quantity offers with repetition, an ordinary final result of flow operations within which displaced parts are mentioned a number of instances. even if cross-linguistically infrequent, the phenomenon obtains robustly in Nupe, a Benue-Congo language of Nigeria. Repetition increases a pressure of the descriptive-explanatory kind. as a way to in attaining either measures of adequacy, flow thought has to be supplemented with an account of the stipulations that force and constrain a number of pronunciation. This publication catalogs those stipulations, bringing to mild a couple of undocumented features of Nupe grammar.

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Download A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish by Yeşim Aksan, Mustafa Aksan, Ümit Mersinli, Umut Ufuk PDF

By Yeşim Aksan, Mustafa Aksan, Ümit Mersinli, Umut Ufuk Demirhan

A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish permits scholars of all degrees to construct on their learn of Turkish in an effective and interesting means.

Based on a 50 million notice corpus, A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish offers a listing of center vocabulary for novices of Turkish as a moment or overseas language. It provides the main up to date, trustworthy frequency guidance for universal vocabulary in spoken and written Turkish. all the 5000 entries are supported by way of designated details together with the English an identical, an illustrative instance with English translation and utilization statistics.

The Dictionary provides a wealthy source for language instructing and curriculum layout, whereas a separate CD model presents the total textual content in a tab-delimited structure ideal to be used through corpus and computational linguists.

With entries prepared via frequency, by means of suffixation and alphabetically, A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish enables scholars of all degrees to get the main out in their research of vocabulary in a fascinating and effective way.

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Download 501 Essential Spanish Verbs by Pablo Garcia Loaeza PDF

By Pablo Garcia Loaeza

Verbs are the spine of any language, and if you cannot conjugate them, you cannot speak. This compilation of greater than 500 universal verbs may help novices in addition to the main complex Spanish scholars. each one web page makes a speciality of a person verb, featuring complete conjugations of a number of tenses, plus sentences that illustrate its utilization.

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Download Russian-English Dictionary of Idioms, Revised Edition by Sophia Lubensky PDF

By Sophia Lubensky

This can be the main cutting edge, finished, and scholarly bilingual dictionary of Russian idioms on hand at the present time. It comprises with reference to 14,000 idioms, set expressions, and sayings present in modern colloquial Russian and in literature from the 19th century to the present.
The Russian idioms are supplied with many English equivalents to render idioms in a variety of contexts. Illustrative examples are brought up to teach how the idioms are utilized in context. each one access additionally encompasses a grammatical description of the idiom, a definition—an cutting edge function for a bilingual dictionary—and stylistic and utilization info. A such a lot amazing a part of the paintings is the alphanumeric index that makes discovering the proper expression really easy.

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