Download Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of by Carrie Friese PDF

By Carrie Friese

The wildlife is marked through an ever-increasing lack of diverse habitats, progressively more species extinctions, and an entire variety of latest sorts of dilemmas posed by way of international warming. while, people also are operating to actively form this wildlife via modern bioscience and biotechnology. In Cloning Wild Life, Carrie Friese posits that cloned endangered animals in zoos take a seat on the apex of those developments, as people search a systematic technique to environmental concern. frequently fraught with controversy, cloning applied sciences, Friese argues, considerably impact our conceptualizations of and engagements with natural world and nature.
 
By learning animals at assorted destinations, Friese explores the human practices surrounding the cloning of endangered animals. She visits zoos—the San Diego Zoological Park, the Audubon heart in New Orleans, and the Zoological Society of London—to see cloning and similar practices in motion, in addition to attending educational and scientific meetings and interviewing scientists, conservationists, and zookeepers fascinated by cloning. finally, she concludes that the act of recalibrating nature via technological know-how is what such a lot disturbs us approximately cloning animals in captivity, revealing that debates over cloning turn into, finally, a domain of political fight among diverse human teams. furthermore, Friese explores the consequences of the social function that animals on the zoo play within the first place—how they're seen, fed on, and utilized by people for our personal wishes. a distinct research uniting sociology and the examine of technological know-how and expertise, Cloning Wild Life demonstrates simply how a lot bioscience reproduces and alterations our rules in regards to the that means of existence itself.

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Additional info for Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity, and the Future of Endangered Animals

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Technology is here understood as a possible solution to contemporary environmental problems that humans have created. Technology can improve the “health” of both humans and animals if research is jointly carried out. Cloned endangered animals live to represent such an imagined future. This chapter begins by describing what cloning an endangered animal looks like within this set of classificatory practices. I focus on the microlevel practices involved at the Audubon Center for Research of Endangered Species (ACRES) in cloning an endangered sand cat.

The dominant language of “cloning endangered animals” assumes that the somatic cell donor is the subject of the reproductive process. This language ignores the involvement of an egg cell donor and the corresponding inheritance of mitochondrial DNA from an animal of a different, domestic species. S. 19 Indeed, 34 << Debating Cloning genetic reductionism is acutely present in contemporary cloning discourses and practices. 20 It is implicitly assumed that the genetic information found in the nucleus of a cell will reanimate an endangered animal in its entirety.

6 In the United Kingdom, these entities are also referred to as “chybrids” in the popular press and policy papers. For this chapter, I will use the word chimera as it is an idiom that cuts across different social groups and is thereby most likely to be recognized by the greatest number of readers. 7 The biological notion of species assumes, as its primary mechanism, biparental sexual reproduction (Claridge, Dawah, and Wilson 1997). The hybrid has long been viewed as problematic to this notion of species because these animals represent sexual reproduction between two different kinds of animals, resulting in a genetic mixture of DNA in chromosomes of the nucleus.

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