Download Contributions to a Philosophy of Technology: Studies in the by L. Tondl (auth.), Friedrich Rapp (eds.) PDF

By L. Tondl (auth.), Friedrich Rapp (eds.)

The hugely refined strategies of contemporary engineering are in general conceived of in useful phrases. comparable to the instrumental functionality of know-how, they're designed to direct the forces of nature in keeping with human reasons. but, once the world of mere talents is handed, the meant worthy effects can simply be accomplished via deliberate and preconceived motion techniques regarding the intentionally thought of program of good designed instruments and units. this is often to assert that during all complicated situations theoretical reasoning turns into an crucial potential to complete the pragmatic technological goals. therefore the abstracting from the particular concrete functionality of know-how opens the best way to focus consciousness at the common conceptual framework concerned. If this procedure is followed the appropriate wisdom and the tactics utilized truly express a good judgment in their personal. This standpoint results in a methodological or even an epistemological research of the theoretical constitution and the explicit tools of technique attribute of recent know-how. Investigations of this type, that may be defined as belonging to an ana­ lytical philosophy of expertise, shape the subject of this anthology. the kind of study in query here's heavily corresponding to that of the philosophy of technological know-how. however it is an incredible incontrovertible fact that the widely authorized and punctiliously investigated philosophy of technology has now not but came upon its counterpart in a longtime philosophy of technology.

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Extra resources for Contributions to a Philosophy of Technology: Studies in the Structure of Thinking in the Technological Sciences

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In a certain respect the possibilities of technology are expressed more precisely by the concept' Turing machine,' which is more exact than the formulation of the original intuitive concept of algorithm. Here one can see a certain analogy. The ideal steam engine of Carnot never existed and could never exist, never became a technical reality; in the very same way, the Turing machine could never become a technical reality, as it presupposes the infinity of the so-called external memory store (the infinity of the 'tape' of the Turing machine).

This is not to debase applied science but to recall how rich its conceptual background is. In applied science a theory is not only the summit of a research cycle and a guide to further research; it is also the basis TECHNOLOGY AS APPLIED SCIENCE 21 of a system of rules prescribing the course of optimal practical action. On the other hand, in the arts and crafts theories are either absent or instruments of action alone. In past epochs a man was regarded as practical if, in acting, he paid little or no attention to theory or if he relied on worn-out theories and common knowledge.

The limited success of psychological testing has led many to despair of the possibility of finding a scientific approach to human behavior, but the right inference is that such an attempt has been tried only after a large number of alleged tests invaded the market. ) psychology is that it does not consist in the application of scientific psychology at all. The moral is that practical wants - such as personnel training and selection - should not be allowed to force the construction of 'technologies' without an underlying science.

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