Download Democracy in Senegal: Tocquevillian Analytics in Africa by S. Gellar PDF

By S. Gellar

Supplying an in-depth comparative examine of democracy formation, Gellar lines Senegal's circulation from a pre-colonial aristocratic order in the direction of a latest democratic political order. encouraged by way of Tocqueville's technique, he identifies social equality, ethnic and spiritual tolerance, renowned participation in neighborhood affairs, and freedom of organization and the clicking as important parts of any democratic method. He exhibits how centralized country constructions and monopoly of political energy stifled neighborhood initiative and perpetuated neo-patrimonial modes of governance.

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Additional resources for Democracy in Senegal: Tocquevillian Analytics in Africa (Political Evolution and Institutional Change)

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Despite French efforts to undermine the authority of the Bour, Sine retained the right to name its own ruler. The Bours of Sine and Saloum and Mandinka rulers in the Casamance signed protectorates and treaties with the French formally recognizing French sovereignty while allowing them to retain their titles. In return, the French promised that they would honor the traditional rules for selecting the ruler and make no changes in the habits, customs, and institutions of the country. But in the end, the French reneged on their promises by intervening to depose rulers deemed inimical to French interests and to insure that The Old Order and Colonialism 31 rulers to their liking would succeed the old rulers when they died.

While mores and lifestyles of royalty and the nobility in Senegal’s precolonial monarchies resembled those of their peers in French and European aristocratic societies, social structures differed markedly because political power in Senegal was dissociated from ownership of property. Political power derived from military might and one’s status at birth, not from ownership of land. Unlike the French and European peasantry, the baadolo, Senegal’s free peasant farmers, were never serfs tied to land owned by the nobility.

Faidherbe began by defeating the Moors of Trarza who controlled the gum trade along the Senegal River, annexing Walo in 1855, driving Umar Tall, the Islamic reformer, from Fouta Toro in 1857, and establishing French hegemony over the Senegal River region. In 1859, he established a military base in Dakar and quickly annexed the entire Cap Vert peninsula, which had been under the control of the Lebu Republic. Over the next four decades, France extended its sovereignty over all of Senegal’s hinterland.

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