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Extra info for Devel of Safety Principles for Design of Future Nucl Powerplants (IAEA TECDOC-801)

Example text

In such circumstances, reactor power would be controlled, core cooling would be maintained and any radioactive material released from the fuel would remain confined by suitable physical barriers. 127. Initiation and operation of the engineered safety features are highly reliable. This reliability is achieved by the appropriate use of fail-safe design; by protection against common cause failures; and by independence between safety systems and plant process systems. The design of these systems ensures that failure of a single component would not cause loss of the function served by a safety system (the single failure criterion).

2. 1. Design process 109. The specific design principles are divided into three groups: those related to the general process of designing a nuclear plant to be safe; those stating general features to be incorporated into a plant so as to make it safe; and those stating more specific features. Design management 110. Principle: The assignment and subdivision of responsibility for safety are kept well defined throughout the design phase of a nuclear power plant project, and during any subsequent modifications.

The deterministic method uses accepted engineering analysis to predict the course of events and their consequences. a. For addressed severe accidents, designers prepare detailed deterministic and probabilistic assessments of their designs, demonstrating margins against addressed 35 severe accident scenarios and conformance to overall objectives and safety targets. The insights from these assessments are used to justify certain features which become part of the design. Deterministic and probabilistic analysis of severe accidents is performed on a best estimate basis.

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