Download Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide to Science by Simon Adams, David Lambert PDF

By Simon Adams, David Lambert

Earth technology: An Illustrated advisor to technological know-how is considered one of 8 volumes of ''Facts On File's'' new ''Science visible Resources'' set. Containing six sections, a accomplished thesaurus, an internet site advisor, and an index, Biology is a perfect studying instrument for college students and lecturers of technological know-how. Full-colour diagrams, graphs, charts, and maps on each web page illustrate the fundamental parts of the topic, whereas parallel textual content presents key definitions and step by step causes. The six sections comprise: ''Planet Earth'' - considers Earth's position within the sun method and its dating to the solar, the Moon, and the surroundings of interplanetary area. themes coated during this part comprise sun and lunar eclipses, tides, seasons, and Earth's magnetic box. ''Earth's History'' - examines the fundamental rules utilized by geologists to figure out the age of rocks and using fossil facts in deciding upon the series of geological occasions. there's a finished survey of the historical past of lifestyles in the world and a normal description of every of the geological eons. a chain of pages strains the background of the North American continent via each one geological interval, displaying the present stipulations and the type of lifestyles types that experience flourished there. ''Earth's Rocks'' - is worried with the techniques that create and regulate Earth's geology. The relative abundance of minerals on our planet; the formation of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; and the methods of plate tectonics are tested during this part. ''Air and Oceans'' - is an summary of the shallow yet advanced layer of gasoline and water that surrounds our planet and helps all animal and flowers. the categories and motives of all major climate phenomena are lined right here, in addition to the intimate connections among the oceans and the ambience. warmth move among air and oceans and the planet-wide structures of movement pushed through solar power also are defined right here. ''Erosion and Weathering'' - seems to be on the consistent donning down of the Earth's rocks by way of the mixed activities of the ambience and the oceans. Mechanical and chemical weathering, the formation and flow of soil, and the geological kinds produced by means of the activities of rivers and glaciers are all featured during this part. Wind erosion and the formation and unfold of wasteland landscapes also are coated. ''Comparisons'' - supplies the relative scales of significant planetary good points, reminiscent of oceans, rivers, continents, and mountain levels.

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Grazing and browsing even-toed ungulates multiplied, and brontotheres (odd-toed ungulates) roamed North America. ● Pyrotheres were among hoofed mammals unique to what was then the island continent of South America. S. rocks formed North Land and sea South possible equator under sea igneous plutons land mountains sedimentary rocks volcanic rock volcanoes Miocene life-forms These fossil organisms lived in Miocene times (not shown to scale). Land, sea, and the United States ● Hippopotamus Flightless bird Primate Hyena Miocene life Chalicothere ● Grasslands spread extensively.

Rocks formed North Land and sea South possible equator under sea igneous plutons land mountains sedimentary rocks volcanic rock volcanoes Miocene life-forms These fossil organisms lived in Miocene times (not shown to scale). Land, sea, and the United States ● Hippopotamus Flightless bird Primate Hyena Miocene life Chalicothere ● Grasslands spread extensively. North American mammals included horses, oreodonts, rhinoceroses, pronghorns, camels, protoceratids, chalicotheres, bear dogs, and sabertoothed cats.

Electron shells ● Helium atom Electrons are traditionally shown in one or more energy levels called shells, orbiting a nucleus. The heavier an element is, the more electrons its atoms contain and the more shells these tend to occupy. Carbon atom Electron shells Energy levels each hold a definite number of electrons orbiting the nucleus. For clarity only one orbit per shell is shown here. Some atoms have as many as seven shells. , calcium © Diagram Visual Information Ltd. g. argon has eight). Elements combine as compounds to gain a full complement of electrons.

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