By Bhikhu Parekh
A wide part of ecu opinion believes that Muslims current a long
term political and cultural possibility. Professor Parekh argues that this
view is deeply incorrect. there's, however, a small underclass,
mainly younger, that's deeply alienated from either their parental and
European cultures. they're in Europe yet now not of it, and feature no
commitment to it. A discussion among the Muslim groups in general
and the host societies is for that reason valuable. It has its limits and we
should now not count on an excessive amount of from it. in spite of the fact that, there isn't any substitute to
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Extra info for European Liberalism and 'the Muslim Question' (ISIM Papers)
Rather we should aim at the more modest and realistic goal of ensuring that they become responsible citizens, discharging the basic obligations of citizenship including respect for the law and over time developing a sense of common belonging with the rest. Although such widely canvassed proposals as asking the parents to report on the activities of their offspring, an extensive network of informers, requiring universities to report on Muslim students, spying on what the imams say in their Friday sermons, and restricting the foreign visits of young Muslims cannot be ruled out under all circumstances, they are fraught with grave danger and often counterproductive.
Zaki Badawi, a distinguished Egyptian-British theologian, invented the third category of dar al-sulh (the land of contract). It is helpful, but goes wrong in seeing Muslim citizenship as nothing more than contractual in nature. Some Muslims mistakenly see their presence in Europe as comparable to the prophet’s hijra to Madina, and draw misleading conclusions from it. The prophet founded a new community with its own rules and structure of authority; Muslim immigrants are not like that. The prophet migrated to avoid persecution; Muslims are voluntary migrants.
The prophet migrated to avoid persecution; Muslims are voluntary migrants. For a creative interpretation of Islam which takes account of this, see Tariq Ramadan, European Muslims and the Future of Islam. Oxford University Press, 2004. indd 31 05-02-2008 10:38:39 32 of young Muslims is a legitimate source of concern. In almost all European societies, young Muslims underachieve educationally and are among the poorest members. Take Britain. Over half its Muslims live in areas with the most deprived housing conditions compared with 20 percent of the total population, and their unemployment rate is twice the national average.