Download Filosofihistorie by Gunnar Skirbekk, Nils Gilje, Anne Granberg PDF

By Gunnar Skirbekk, Nils Gilje, Anne Granberg

Boken er en innføring i europeisk filosofihistorie. Boken legger særlig vekt på politiske teorier og fremvekst av vitenskapene. Den er primært skrevet for førstesemesterstudiet på universiteter og høyskoler. Med litteraturliste og register.

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Golfing and love-making, though skills that allow for grace, delicacy, and originality, are not undertaken with the intentions, nor do they have the end-products, that qualify them for being arts in the sense that painting and musical composition are. Putts and caresses, unlike making a parterre or designing a pond, do not have the right kind of ‘provenance’, to use David Davies’s (2004) helpful term, to count as constituent activities of an art-form. Even if garden design does not usually feature on lists of ‘The Arts’—ones which have anyway been drawn up as the result of contingent, historical, and social factors—it is counter-intuitive to deny certain gardens the status of art.

Rather, particular faces, cafés, and trees are noted only through ‘stand[ing] out against the city’s whole being’ and against a backdrop of ‘a certain style or . . significance which Paris possesses’ for him (pp. ). Only upon a field of ‘latent significance’ presented by the city do ‘perceptions emerge as explicit acts’ (p. 328). 50 Art-and-Nature? The general point here, which is as applicable to landscapes and gardens as to cities, is fairly clear, I hope. Our initial experience of a place, typically, is not directed towards particular things and properties, but rather registers a style or an atmosphere, a sense of the place as a whole that precedes attention to its constituents.

But even when the walls or fences remain in place, the point is not affected. It is not simply that the walls themselves—ivy-clad or espaliered, perhaps—may belong to the garden rather than simply enclose it. Additionally, when a person views the garden, he quite properly takes in the sky and the ‘borrowed’ scenery of the surrounding Art or Nature? 31 land- or townscape, and attends, as it gets put, to the ‘genius of the place’ where the garden is located. The walls do not therefore define or dictate what is and should be experienced—not in the way the frame of a painting does.

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