Download For the Many or the Few: The Initiative, Public Policy, and by John G. Matsusaka PDF

By John G. Matsusaka

Direct democracy is alive and good within the usa. voters are more and more utilizing projects and referendums to take the legislations into their very own palms, overriding their elected officers to set tax, expenditure, and social guidelines. John G. Matsusaka's For the numerous or the Few offers the 1st even-handed and traditionally dependent therapy of the subject.

Drawing upon a century of facts, Matsusaka argues opposed to the preferred trust that initiative measures are motivated by means of filthy rich designated curiosity teams that overlook the bulk view. analyzing demographic, political, and opinion information, he demonstrates how the initiative strategy brings approximately systematic adjustments in tax and expenditure rules of nation and native governments which are mostly supported by means of the electorate. He concludes that, typically, direct democracy within the type of the initiative strategy works for the good thing about the various instead of the few.

An unheard of, entire examine the ancient, empirical, and theoretical elements of the way projects functionality inside of our consultant democracy to extend political festival whereas averting the tyranny of the bulk, For the various or the Few is a such a lot well timed and definitive work.

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Sample text

If government's mission is to provide the greatest happiness for the greatest number, and if each citizen's interest counts equally in determining the common interest, then it follows that each citizen ought to have equal opportunity to express his interest to government so that government can take it into acount when formulating policies to promote the general happiness of all citizens. 9 It was through the influence of James Mill (1773-1836), whom he met in 1808, that Bentham became convinced that his own ideas inevitably led to electoral as well as legal and penal reform.

It is not subject to logical deduction by reason alone, nor for that matter can the answer be provided to us by personal intuition or even by divine revelation. Empirical truths are discovered from empirical investigation. Causal relationships are induced from empirically observed regularities. The truth of such relationships, however, does not have the same eternal verity as the truths of logical analysis. For example, take the following proposition: Labour governments cause more inflation than their Conservative predecessors.

Other men sharing different values will point out the faults in the thesis. This position Hegel called 'antithesis'. The clash of the two positions resulted in a third and higher position, the 'synthesis', which contained more recognition of divine reason than either the thesis or its antithesis. It should be emphasized that the synthesis is a new position; it is more than a mere compromise or combination of the previous positions. In turn the synthesis becomes the new thesis, and the dialectic process repeats itself, each time revealing more and more of the absolute values and absolute truths.

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