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By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Board on Environmental Change and Society, Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, Visit Amazon's Paul C. Stern Page, search results, Learn about Author Centr

The USGCRP's Carbon Cycle operating staff requested the nationwide study Council's Committee at the Human Dimensions of world switch to carry a workshop on Human Interactions with the Carbon Cycle. the fundamental objective of the workshop used to be to aid construct bridges among the study groups within the social sciences and the usual sciences that may finally interact to supply the wanted figuring out of the carbon cycle-an knowing which could tell public judgements that may, between different issues, hinder failures from as a result of the methods humanity has been changing the carbon cycle. participants of the operating staff was hoping profitable workshop might enhance verbal exchange among the correct learn groups within the ordinary and social sciences, best ultimately to a selection of the carbon cycle software point in instructions that will larger combine the 2 domains.

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Extra info for Human Interactions with the Carbon Cycle (Compass series)

Sample text

It is also necessary to consider both industrial and land-based carbon sources. In addition, it is important to standardize land cover classifications. Progress is being made by comparing household-level data with remote observations, although at present, such comparisons show 30-50 percent errors in the estimates made from remote observation alone. A related issue is the storage of carbon below ground, which is greater in the tropics than is sometimes believed, although it varies considerably across sites.

He agreed with Pitcher that it is worthwhile to examine the population scenarios, noting that doing this would help clarify the relative likelihoods of the scenarios. He argued strongly for efforts by scientists to estimate how likely the various scenarios are because if they do not, scenario users would do the estimating, and this would be much more dangerous. Other discussion focused on the accuracy and realism of the scenarios. Morgan noted that the population and GDP scenarios both showed variation of about a factor of 2 and asked whether that meant equal certainty about the two parameters.

There was particular interest in North America, where the contemporary terrestrial carbon sinks are the consequence of past net emissions. One participant noted that the same sequence may occur in the tropics in the future. Another suggestion was to analyze important moments of change in human interaction with the carbon cycle to identify the actions that produced the change and trace the longer-term effects (the example was fossil fuel use after 1973 and subsequent improvements and declines in the fuel efficiency of motor vehicles).

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