By David Woodruff Smith
Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) used to be essentially the most influential philosophers of the 20th Century. founding father of the phenomenology flow, his considering encouraged Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and Derrida.
In this stimulating advent, David Woodruff Smith introduces the entire of Husserl's notion, demonstrating his impact on philosophy of brain and language, on ontology and epistemology, and on philosophy of good judgment, arithmetic and technology.
Starting with an outline of Husserl's existence and works, and his position in 20th century philosophy and in Western philosophy as a complete, David Woodruff Smith introduces Husserl's idea of phenomenology, explaining his influential theories of intentionality, objectivity and subjectivity. In next chapters he covers Husserl's common sense, metaphysics, realism and transcendental idealism, and epistemology. ultimately, he assesses the importance and implications of Husserl's paintings for modern philosophy of brain and cognitive technology.
Including a timeline, thesaurus and broad feedback for additional analyzing, Husserl should be crucial analyzing for somebody drawn to Husserl, phenomenology and 20th century philosophy.
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Additional info for Husserl (The Routledge Philosophers)
Accordingly, he thought of philosophy as a science in a wide sense of the term, thus a theory: not a formal or mathematical theory, and not an experimental science like physics, but a certain kind of theory drawing on different aspects of reason and experience, constructing a disciplined explication of the things so studied. Husserl’s overall system of philosophy is, then, a wide-ranging but unified theory. And our task in this chapter is to outline that theory as a whole. ” Rather, his system unfolded over a lifetime of writing.
Within this philosophical system Husserl’s phenomenology takes its place as a proper part of the whole, not (as often assumed) as the sole foundation and raison d’être of all the rest. To be sure, Husserl laid a passionate emphasis on his conception of phenomenology, the new science of consciousness and meaning. But his phenomenology is one specific part of his philosophical system, a part well integrated with other parts, including doctrines in ontology, epistemology, logic, and also ethics and value theory.
Husserl was still pressing his conception of phenomenology, placing it in different contexts and introducing it differently in each of his principal books. The final years: 1933–8 In 1933 the Nazis came to power in Germany and issued new regulations prohibiting Jews and other non-Aryans from holding positions in government or in the universities. Husserl was thereby effectively locked out of the University. The Rektor of the University of Freiburg in the spring of 1933, the official who enforced the Nazi decree, was none other than Martin Heidegger, Husserl’s former assistant and now his successor.