By Masashi Haneda
The time period 'Islamic towns' has been used to consult towns of the Islamic international, centring at the heart East. educational scholarship has tended to hyperlink the towns of the Islamic global with Islam as a faith and tradition, in an try and comprehend them as a complete in a unified and homogenous way.
Examining reports (books, articles, maps, bibliographies) of towns which existed within the heart East and valuable Asia within the interval from the increase of Islam to the start of the twentieth century, this publication seeks to ascertain and evaluate Islamic towns of their range of weather, panorama, inhabitants and historic background.
Coordinating study undertaken because the 19th century, and evaluating the historiography of the Maghrib, Mashriq, Turkey, Iran and valuable Asia, Islamic Urbanism provides a clean standpoint on matters that experience exercised educational crisis in city stories and highlights avenues for destiny research.
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Extra info for Islamic Urban Studies: Historical Review and Perspectives
The latter study looks at the same questions in relation to the cities of Andalus in the 11 th-13th centuries in a detailed analysis using a large number of biographical dictionaries and chronicles. A sociological quantitative analysis in terms of period of time is also employed (for example, a statistical representation of the number of ulama in each academic field over twenty year periods). Recently several excellent studies on the topic have been produced by local scholars, particularly those from Tunisia.
Hakim (see p. 42) explains that urban architecture and composition is systematic according to the principles of Islamic law. The planning and design of structures are dealt with in J. Revault' s excellent architectural studies of Tunis and Fez, Palais et demeures de Tunis (1968-71) and Palais et demeures de Pes (1985). In contrast to the importance G. Maryais (1926) puts on religious buildings, Revault looks at domestic structures classified into four types and states the unity and common principles exist in their structures, by analyzing the planning and design based both on documents and surveys.
Ben Talha (1965), a study of Mulay Idris Zarhun, the most historical of Morocco's holy cities, discusses the origins of the city, the present state of the quarters, the economic life of the people, family life and festivals. Ben 53 Masatoshi Kisaichi Maghrib Talha concludes that Mulay Idris preserves the functions of a traditional city more than Fez and Meknes, and gives as evidence the facts that Koran recitation could (then) be heard in the streets and that a daughter of a sharif family could not marry a son of a non-sharif family.