By Gunter Senft
The sequence builds an in depth number of top of the range descriptions of languages worldwide. each one quantity bargains a complete grammatical description of a unmarried language including totally analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a thesaurus and different suitable info that's on hand at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language family members or zone, and even if unique consciousness is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and useful remedies of higher identified languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the one criterion is a excessive commonplace of medical caliber.
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Extra resources for Kilivila: The Language of the Trobriand Islanders (Mouton Grammar Library)
138) of verbal expressions. ), Kilivila gives a characteristic display of verb clusters and compounds that transmit as much exactness and information as possible. Most of these clusters consist of two verbal expressions, thus building a "tandem pattern". To give some examples: A highly idiomatic answer to a question like: ambe minana? " is, in an appropriate context, of course, ivai isiva i-vai i-siva she-marries she-lives elsewhere "She has married and lives elsewhere". 40 Parts of Speech The imperative expression: kuma!
Sg. Sg. ula m la "my" "your" "his/her" 50 Parts of Speech Dual incl. Dual excl. incl. excl. P1. Pl. da ma damami si -si -si "our" "our" "our" "our" "your" "their" It is characteristic for this series of pronouns that the free forms become affixes in 1 st person plural inclusive and exclusive in combination with the noun they refer to. The differences in degree of possession that are made by using either the pronouns of the second or third series are very intricate and subtle. Thus, if a speaker wants to refer, let us say, to his tobacco, for example, he will use the possessive pronouns of the second series only if he is going to smoke this tobacco by himself — he indicates his intention of personal use or consumption producing the pronouns of this second series.
To give an example: naveaka vivila na-veaka vivila female-fat girl "fat girl" minana bogwa binaveaka mi-na-na bogwa bi-na-veaka this-female-this already she will-female-fat "She will soon get fat". There are, however, certain verb stem forms whose final vowel alternates in plural forms within the paradigm of the verbal expression. This vowel alternation may be due to assimilation phenomena; however, the changes that take place in Kilivila seem to be largely idiosyncratic. ) and kuginisi ku-gini-si you-write-Plural.