Download Les caractères : Ou les Mœurs de ce siècle by Jean de La Bruyere PDF

By Jean de La Bruyere

Prosateur de expertise doté d'une plume acerbe, l. a. Bruyère est loin de se contenter de peindre les mœurs de son temps. Multipliant, de maximes en analyses, les photographs satiriques tout autant qu'ironiques d'une société de faux-semblants, son propos acquiert une portée universelle. Sous le règne des apparences, où le grand travestissement burlesque le dispute à l'hypocrisie, aucun vice de l'humanité ne lui échappe : ambition, vanité, inconstance... Si l'on peut encore s'étonner du succès d'une oeuvre si corrosive, c'est sûrement qu'il est aisé de rire des autres pour ne pas rire de soi !

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Extra info for Les caractères : Ou les Mœurs de ce siècle

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Thus, we are not arrested in the immediate environment but-by means of judging-live in an all-encompassing world. l 5 In commonsense cognitive experience we deal with the world insofar as it appears to us. Since we want to identify and determine what is the case, that which appears provides indispensable material for our cognition. "17 That an appearance is an undetermined object means that what is given in perceptual encounters is not a ready-made object which we then simply register and cognize.

You either were or were not at home at the particular time; our chess game either ended in your victory, or in my victory, or it was a draw; we either had a conversation or we did not. Nevertheless, there are as many cases that are not so straightforward and decisive. Not only our scientific and philosophical practice, but even our commonsense experience suggests that there are alternative, yet equally correct, descriptions of reality. Consider the following examples. You and I may disagree with respect to whether your house is spacious and comfortable and yet both be correct.

Fortunately, commonsense experience shows that a complete description is never really needed. On the one hand, the contextual parameters determine what must be described, what information is required for making an appropriate and understandable truth claim. s Describing our chess game to an experienced player and describing it to someone who does not even know the rules of the game would involve quite different elements of the situation, as well as significantly dissimilar language. On the other hand, even our ordinary language includes talk about 'approximate' truths, 'partial' truths, and so on.

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