By David Hill
"Sturm und Drang" refers to a suite of values and a mode of writing that arose in Germany within the moment half the eighteenth century, a very extreme type of pre-Romanticism that has usually been represented as marking the start of an self sustaining glossy German tradition. The circle of writers round the younger Goethe, together with Herder, Lenz, Klinger, and later Schiller, felt annoyed by means of the Enlightenment global of cause, stability, and keep an eye on, and grew to become as a substitute to nature because the resource of genuine event. encouraged via Rousseau and Herder, through Shakespeare, and by way of people tradition, they rebelled opposed to propriety and experimented with new literary varieties, their artistic strength bursting via conventions that appeared staid and synthetic. The Sturm und Drang has frequently been stated through these trying to valid nationalism and irrationalism, yet students have extra lately emphasised the variety of the circulate and the hyperlinks among it and the Enlightenment. This quantity of essays by way of major students from the united kingdom, the united states, and Germany illuminates the guiding principles of the stream, discussing its most crucial authors, texts, and ideas, and taking account of the diversity and complexity of the move, putting it extra securely inside of late-eighteenth-century eu background. the main target is on literature, and specifically at the drama, which used to be of certain value to the Sturm und Drang. besides the fact that, the essays additionally define the social stipulations that gave upward thrust to the move, and attention is given to varied currents of rules that underlie the circulation, together with components of proposal and our bodies of labor that conventional ways have tended to marginalize. members: Bruce Duncan, Howard Gaskill, Wulf Koepke, Susanne Kord, Frank Lamport, Alan Leidner, Matthias Luserke, Michael Patterson, Gerhard Sauder, Margaret Stoljar, Daniel Wilson, Karin Wurst.David Hill is a Senior Lecturer within the division of German stories on the college of Birmingham, united kingdom.
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Extra resources for Literature of the Sturm und Drang (Camden House History of German Literature)
On the one hand, the differentiation of society and the competition to demonstrate merit means that life becomes enriched as people become conscious of themselves as individuals different from other people. On the other hand, the same process means the fragmentation of society and the isolation of individuals who no longer feel that they are part of an 26 integrative community. Reason, order, the norms of polite society, and the other dimensions of the world against which Sturm und Drang figures tend to try to assert themselves are all characterized by their claim to universality and, thus, to the suppression of the individual.
Guelfo in Klinger’s Die Zwillinge, for example, gazes out of the window at the sunset, and his emotions stir to the point where he forces a kiss on Kamilla, the fiancée of the brother who is also his mortal enemy: Die letzten Sonnenstrahlen durch die Bäume her — Ich möchte mich in die Feuerhelle dort schwingen, auf jenen Wolken reiten mit vergoldetem Saume! — Kamilla! Faßt sie an der Hand. Ach! und ich bin wieder so hin — ich möchte diese Feuerwolken zusammenpacken, Sturm und Wetter erregen und mich zerschmettert in den Abgrund 30 stürzen!
At the beginning of the second part of the novel Werther breaks away and takes a post as secretary to an ambassador; but here, too, he comes into conflict with convention. He is irritated by the shallowness and the intrigues of court life; he is even prevented from expressing himself in his own style of language. In the end he is so humiliated by the way people respond to his failure to observe the niceties of class distinctions that he abandons this attempt to find a place for himself in the world and returns to Lotte.