By John F. Clarkin PhD, Mark F. Lenzenweger PhD
Now in a completely revised and accelerated moment version, this landmark paintings brings jointly in a single quantity an important present views on character pathology. Chapters from best specialists were commonly rewritten to mirror a decade's worthy of important theoretical, empirical, and medical advancements, and totally new chapters were extra. assurance encompasses psychodynamic, interpersonal, attachment, ecological, psychometric, and neurobiological versions, all awarded in a constant layout to facilitate prepared reference and comparability. the quantity additionally explores similarities and adjustments one of the numerous theories, identifies strength avenues of integration, and discusses key implications for learn and medical care.
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Extra info for Major Theories of Personality Disorder
Validity of Personality Pathology Last, but by no means least, is the issue of validity in relation to personality disorder constructs. Despite the 25 years since the publication of DSM-III, the validity of specific DSM personality disorder diagnoses remains a relatively open issue in psychopathology research; however, the base of validity information is growing for most disorders, particularly schizotypal, borderline, and antisocial personality disorders. We take this opportunity to remind our reader that although reliable ratings of personality disorder symptoms are now possible, this does not necessarily ensure that the validity of the diagnoses has been established (Carey & Gottesman, 1978).
Insight oriented vs. cognitive vs. biological therapy)? Are the principles of change/improvement clearly articulated by the model? , Are there personality disorders for which the therapy would not be appropriate)? While Benjamin (Chapter 4), Kernberg and Caligor (Chapter 3), and Pretzer and Beck (Chapter 2) all relate their personality pathology constructs and theories to interventions, it is Kernberg and Beck who have articulated treatment manuals for these disorders. This translation of theories of personality disorder to treatment interventions is a necessary step to the current important focus of psychotherapy research on the mechanisms of change (National Institute of Mental Health, 2002).
Further analysis of the LSPD data set using state of the art individual growth curve methodology (Lenzenweger, Johnson, & Willett, in press) suggests a considerable amount of change occurring in personality disorder features over time, change that was not clearly detectable using more traditional analytic techniques. Such findings raise profound and fundamental questions regarding the very basic nature of personality disorders as defined in the DSM systems. , 2002). The CLPS focuses on four personality disorders: schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive–compulsive personality disorders.