By Schaumann, Caroline
Reminiscence concerns juxtaposes in tripartite constitution texts via a baby of German bystanders (Wolf), an Austrian-Jewish child-survivor (KlГѓВјger), a daughter of Jewish ГѓВ©migrГѓВ©s (Honigmann), a daughter of an officer eager about the German resistance (Bruhns), a granddaughter of a baptized Polish Jew (Maron), and a granddaughter of German refuges from East Prussia (DГѓВјckers). put outdoor of the distorting victim-perpetrator, Jewish-German, man-woman, and war-postwar binary, it turns into seen that the texts neither entire nor contradict one another, yet reply to each other via proposal, reverberation, refraction, incongruity, and ambiguity. concentrating on genealogies of ladies, the publication delineates a unique cultural reminiscence than the counting of (male-inflected) generations and a male-dominated Holocaust and postwar literature canon. It examines intergenerational conflicts and the negotiation of stories opposed to the backdrop of a sophisticated mother-daughter dating that follows unpredictable styles and provokes either discord and empathy. Schaumanns process questions the idea that German-gentile and German-Jewish postwar reports are unavoidably diametrically adverse (i.e. reply to a detrimental symbiosis) and uncovers intersections and continuities as well as conflicts.
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Additional info for Memory Matters: Generational Responses to Germany's Nazi Past in Recent Women's Literature
As a child survivor, Klüger is part of what Susan R. 1 Both terms, war children and child survivors, include multiple generations with diverse experiences, and ignore differences in age, social class, religious background, country of origin, and gender. Yet it makes good sense to distinguish children/adolescents as a separate category since to the Nazis, children held the promise of a future “Aryan” nation. To that aim, the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls (compulsory after 1939) sought to infiltrate children with Nazi ideology, while at the same time Hitler propagated the merciless killing of both disabled and Jewish children.
44 Indeed, in the decades following the war, writers who were not perpetrators in the traditional sense, such as women who experienced National Socialism as children, adopted the autobiographical form as a means to publicly reexamine their investment in Nazi Germany. In this way, Melita Maschmann, Christa Wolf, Eva Zeller, Carola Stern, and Margarete Hannsmann acknowledge in their texts their roles as bystanders and collaborators, and struggle to explain their thinking and actions to a postwar audience.
Perhaps it is too hasty to conclude that this was simply wrong and cowardly in every case. 35 While denoting differences in the coping strategies of victims, bystanders, and perpetrators, Klüger seeks to explain the dearth of testimony during the 1940s and early 1950s in a less judgmental way. 33 34 35 Judith S. and Milton Kestenberg, “The Experience of Survivor-Parents,” Generations of the Holocaust, eds. Martin S. Bergmann and Milton E. Jucovy, New York: Basic, 1982, 46-61, 56. See Atina Grossmann, “Trauma, Memory, and Motherhood: Germans and Jewish Displaced Persons in Post-Nazi Germany, 1945-49,” Life after Death: Approaches to a Cultural and Social History of Europe during the 1940s and 1950s, eds.