By David Baguley
This is often the 1st significant learn of naturalist fiction as a different literary style. the writer focuses frequently on French naturalist literature, but in addition attracts examples from different nationwide traditions, rather from the English novel. Professor Baguley questions many conventional assumptions on very important theoretical concerns equivalent to the character of literary heritage, the options of "realism" and "naturalism," and the family members among technology and literature. He additionally analyzes a few key works intimately. He demonstrates that, faraway from simply recording the exterior features of truth, naturalist fiction employs the innovations of realist artwork to exhibit a profoundly anxious imaginative and prescient of that fact.
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Extra resources for Naturalist Fiction: The Entropic Vision
XIV, 510) Previous usages of the terms 'naturalisme' and 'naturaliste' have been traced back to various sources and ages, notably (to be a little more precise) to: the natural sciences since the seventeenth century, art criticism from the same period but more particularly from midnineteenth-century France, philosophy from at least the time of the Encyclopedie, Russian literary criticism since 1846, Victor Hugo's works and even, as Zola insisted, (more or less) in those of Montaigne, but especially in Hippolyte Taine's writings.
Farrell, writing at a time and place far removed from the controversies of Parisian literary circles, provides us with a better example of the broad, philosophical definition of naturalism. For the creator of Studs Lonigan, 'naturalism' and 'materialism' are synonymous. 'I would really prefer the word naturalism', he writes, 'and 1 would define it 44 Naturalist fiction: the entropic vision in a Deweyian sense. '9 This kind of definition brings us back to the main tenets of philosophical naturalism: the view that the entire knowable universe consists of phenomena that are subject to, and thereby explainable in terms of, regularly recurrent natural causes, open to scientific investigation and forming a self-contained system of natural explanations.
It also provided a context of contention in which the naturalists themselves were often led to (over)state their case by merely situating their literary texts within a broader philosophical framework. 8 But the American novelist, James T. Farrell, writing at a time and place far removed from the controversies of Parisian literary circles, provides us with a better example of the broad, philosophical definition of naturalism. For the creator of Studs Lonigan, 'naturalism' and 'materialism' are synonymous.