By Alexander of Aphrodisias
This significant observation by way of Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle's paintings on biochemistry used to be formerly misplaced. despite the fact that, 4 chapters of it were re-identified in an Arabic translation via Emma Gannage and are the following translated for the 1st time. The chapters have been preserved within the writings of an eighth-century alchemist, Jabir ibn Hayyan. as well as maintaining an engaging instance of very early cross-cultural clinical task within the Muslim global, the newly found fabric is of philosophical significance: We learn the way Alexander tried to supply a unified conception that will unite Aristotle's chemistry together with his elemental physics. in addition to an English translation of the textual content, this quantity features a certain creation demonstrating the authenticity of the paintings and discussing its contribution to our figuring out of old technology.
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Extra resources for On Aristotle On Coming to be and Perishing 2.2-5 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)
The interpreter Alexander says that he reduces this to heavy and light; for the rare is light, just as the dense is heavy. But it is possible to reduce them to the same thing as the fine and the coarse; for fineness as a quality, if it is not thought of in terms of magnitude, seems to be the same 145 This is what Plutarch reports in his De Prim. Frig. 947F. See O'Brien (1981), 372, and Theophrastus, De Sensibus 59 (DK 68A135): '
They are indeed the most simple and fundamental sublunary substances,100 in that they are the first corporeal constituents of naturally composed bodies (homoiomere). , but are always mixed together. The true elements are 'of the same nature as these, but not identical to them'. Elementary fire is puroeidSs, 'has the form of fire', air is aeroeides, and so on. Elements are pure to the degree that they are constituted only of a pair of primary qualities. 103 This is what justifies the cosmological classification of Aristotle's elements introduced here, in terms of the two places, up and down, since it is in these places that the notice in Ta'rlkh al-Hukama' which gives a certain preference to Philoponus' commentary.
Ishaq must hold that the causality exercised in this motion is extrinsic to lightness and heaviness: He had in mind the efficient cause of lightness and heaviness, not lightness and heaviness [themselves]. 138 He argues from two extracts of Alexander's commentary in GC, first to establish that heat and cold produce lightness and heaviness (47b24-5), and second that the latter are neither active nor passive (48al). 2, 329b24, Aristotle does, indeed, distinguish, among the four primary tangible qualities a pair that is necessarily active, viz.