Category: Nuclear

[ Nuclear Deterrence Theory: The Search for Credibility[

[ Nuclear Deterrence Theory: The Search for Credibility[

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This would be preventive war, a war launched against a weak country before it can become disturbingly strong. They made it very clear that the threat is not military. Cohen, Avner, “Most Favored Nation.” The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 51, no. 1 (January-February 1995): 44-53. 24. OCO fe^ 1o as 4qw gs ^ le«t '«# Penetration limits 240 kT conventional warhead 2-4 nn penetrating depth of missile, nnost of energy is lost in release to atmosphere rather than in seismic shock, material liquefies at impact. f Long Rod Penetration Typically -900 m/sec = 2700 ft/sec y Falling from 40,000ft height penetration depths was 20 ft A needle 12 ft long 12 inches diameter Impact Velocity Chances D Pp L p T •In fYA P.
The Sword and the Shield: Britain, America, NATO and Nuclear

The Sword and the Shield: Britain, America, NATO and Nuclear

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Using a 15 cm U-238 shield, the Pu-239 critical mass is only some 4 kg, while for LWR-produced plutonium this is some 7 kg. Meanwhile, he added, it can still be abused as an instrument for punishing federal employees such as Doyle for unrelated or politically inspired reasons. “Managers have broad discretion to overlook or forgive a particular infraction,” Aftergood said. “The problem is that discretion can be abused.
Sipri World Armaments & Disarmaments: Sipri Yearbook, 1979

Sipri World Armaments & Disarmaments: Sipri Yearbook, 1979

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Because Golda Meir had rejected Anwar Sadat’s offer to commence negotiations leading to return of Egyptian territory and normalizing relations, Egypt attacked Israel. But for many people, Shimon Peres was a false prophet. These cases also assume that Iraq may opt for a simpler centrifuge design that is easier to build and requires materials and equipment that are less controlled internationally. In a major strike on the industrial city of Hungnam on 31 July 1950, 500 tons of ordnance was delivered through clouds by radar; the flames rose 200-300 feet into the air.
On Nuclear Terrorism

On Nuclear Terrorism

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And he may be getting help from North Korea and Iran. The B-52 also carried two unarmed nuclear weapons that were recovered intact with little or no damage. 7 June 1960: A BOMARC air defense missile in storage at McGuire Air Force Base in New Jersey was destroyed after a high-pressure helium tank burst. Iran’s leaders are not suicidal (in fact, their main purpose in pursuing a bomb is self-preservation), so Israel’s nuclear arsenal seems like a strong deterrent. Map: The site of a possible new nuclear facility in Syria.
Atomic Fragments: A Daughters Questions

Atomic Fragments: A Daughters Questions

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Some weapons are less powerful than 1,000 tons of TNT, while others have the explosive force of millions of tons of TNT. They also worked on more advanced explosives for the device. If, however, Iran were to provide a small nuclear weapon to Hamas or Hezbollah, or use the Revolutionary Guard to detonate a nuclear device in Israel, MAD would no longer apply. From the late nineteenth century onwards the speed of technological innovation increased the difficulty of estimating relative strengths and predicting the course of cam�paigns.
The B-45 Tornado: An Operational History of the First

The B-45 Tornado: An Operational History of the First

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For these reasons, a single nuclear weapon may have a greater exposed population than indicated in some of the following pictures, but as the outer blast limits are approached, the total population exposed (assuming a 12,000 density per square mile) will tend to be more accurate. What scenansts imagine seldom has much to do with how governments behave. Amount of silver in tons once used at the Oak Ridge, TN, Y-12 Plant for electrical magnet coils: 14,700 Vincent C.
The Evolution of U.S. Strategic Command and Control and

The Evolution of U.S. Strategic Command and Control and

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Even better is if the main thrusters can rotate a bit in one dimension. Iraqi scientists had demonstrated the corrosion resistance of barrier material to UF6 and had achieved measurable uranium isotopic separation. The largest individual weapons used in the war are a couple of 50-mt Russian bombs dropped in China: craters 2 km (1.3 mi.) across are produced, and severe or moderate damage is produced in an area up to 100 km (60 miles) across.
US Army, Technical Manual, TM 9-2350-261-34, CARRI

US Army, Technical Manual, TM 9-2350-261-34, CARRI

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We are very lucky people--but we need to use the time we have been granted wisely, because total war is only sleeping. The second nuclear age can be regarded as proliferation of nuclear weapons among lesser powers and for reasons other than the American-Soviet-Chinese rivalry. According to Andrei Kokoshin, former Russian Deputy Minister of Defense and, who at this writing is the national security adviser to President Yeltsin, "Nuclear weapons, especially strategic nuclear forces, also play no small role in defining the status of our state, and by that parameter, Russia remains a superpower."
Battlefield Nuclear Weapons, Issues and Options

Battlefield Nuclear Weapons, Issues and Options

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Session on Lessons from Fukushima at the Symposium on Nuclear Energy in 2050. With a GNP 30% as large as ours, West Germany's expenditures were 11.5% of the NATO total, and that is the second largest national contribution. A particularly cool modification15 of this process would allow for the separation of these three elements simultaneously in the presence of one another, with the added benefit of being able to incorporate either depleted uranium or once through uranium at any desired proportion, using exchange reactions of the following type: The equilibrium lies far to the right.
Better a Shield Than a Sword: Perspectives on the Defense

Better a Shield Than a Sword: Perspectives on the Defense

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After digging into the root of the Cold War conflict, Gaddis goes through the historical records of American and Soviet leaders and how they dealt with foreign policy. bomb of the type developed during World War II by the U. Russian regional commanders retaliate against Israel, its ally the U. Topic Sentence: Country argue with each other because of nuclear weapons. And it has been supported by every United Nations Secretary-General.